Bible Reading / Book By Book: Genesis to 2 Samuel

Day 61 / Ruth 1

The remainder of Judges shows continuing decline. The book of Ruth tells of an incident that occurred sometime during the time of the judges. The famine most likely happened when Israel turned against God, so Elimelech and Naomi leave Israel to go to Moab. Once the famine is over, Naomi wants to return to Israel. The proper thing for an Israelite woman to do in Ruth’s situation is to marry a relative of her dead husband so his land inheritance would stay in the family (see Deuteronomy 25:5-10).

Recognizing that Ruth was not from Israel and that Naomi had no other sons, Naomi released Ruth from this obligation. Ruth’s response shows her love of Naomi and desire to follow God, even when inconvenient. Due to Ruth and Naomi’s need for food, Ruth is introduced to a relative named Boaz. We see that Boaz is a generous man who follows the law of Leviticus 19:9 and 23:22, which says that he should leave some grain behind for the poor to gather.

These chapters demonstrate how God intended for his laws to be used for the benefit of people. God did not want people to be stuck in hopelessness; he wanted people to have a way out, and part of the way out was based on the generosity of others. It still took faith. Ruth had to have faith that God would provide, even when no solution was evident, and Boaz had to have faith that his generosity would be rewarded.

Ruth 1 (NASB)

Naomi Widowed

1 Now it came about in the days when the judges governed, that there was a famine in the land. And a certain man of Bethlehem in Judah went to sojourn in the land of Moab with his wife and his two sons. 2 The name of the man was Elimelech, and the name of his wife, Naomi; and the names of his two sons were Mahlon and Chilion, Ephrathites of Bethlehem in Judah. Now they entered the land of Moab and remained there. 3 Then Elimelech, Naomi’s husband, died; and she was left with her two sons. 4 They took for themselves Moabite women as wives; the name of the one was Orpah and the name of the other Ruth. And they lived there about ten years. 5 Then both Mahlon and Chilion also died, and the woman was bereft of her two children and her husband.

6 Then she arose with her daughters-in-law that she might return from the land of Moab, for she had heard in the land of Moab that the Lord had visited His people in giving them food. 7 So she departed from the place where she was, and her two daughters-in-law with her; and they went on the way to return to the land of Judah. 8 And Naomi said to her two daughters-in-law, “Go, return each of you to her mother’s house. May the Lord deal kindly with you as you have dealt with the dead and with me. 9 May the Lord grant that you may find rest, each in the house of her husband.” Then she kissed them, and they lifted up their voices and wept.10 And they said to her, “No, but we will surely return with you to your people.”11 But Naomi said, “Return, my daughters. Why should you go with me? Have I yet sons in my womb, that they may be your husbands? 12 Return, my daughters! Go, for I am too old to have a husband. If I said I have hope, if I should even have a husband tonight and also bear sons, 13 would you therefore wait until they were grown? Would you therefore refrain from marrying? No, my daughters; for it is harder for me than for you, for the hand of the Lord has gone forth against me.”

Ruth’s Loyalty

14 And they lifted up their voices and wept again; and Orpah kissed her mother-in-law, but Ruth clung to her.

15 Then she said, “Behold, your sister-in-law has gone back to her people and her gods; return after your sister-in-law.” 16 But Ruth said, “Do not urge me to leave you or turn back from following you; for where you go, I will go, and where you lodge, I will lodge. Your people shall be my people, and your God, my God.17 Where you die, I will die, and there I will be buried. Thus may the Lord do to me, and worse, if anything but death parts you and me.” 18 When she saw that she was determined to go with her, she said no more to her.

19 So they both went until they came to Bethlehem. And when they had come to Bethlehem, all the city was stirred because of them, and the women said, “Is this Naomi?” 20 She said to them, “Do not call me Naomi; call me Mara, for the Almighty has dealt very bitterly with me. 21 I went out full, but the Lord has brought me back empty. Why do you call me Naomi, since the Lord has witnessed against me and [j]the Almighty has afflicted me?”

22 So Naomi returned, and with her Ruth the Moabitess, her daughter-in-law, who returned from the land of Moab. And they came to Bethlehem at the beginning of barley harvest.