Bible Reading / Book By Book: Genesis to 2 Samuel
Day 22 / Leviticus 1
The remainder of Exodus gives many more laws for the people of Israel to follow. Exodus also contains stories of Israel’s disobedience to God’s laws and God’s anger over that, but his anger falls short of destruction.
Leviticus is a book of laws that Moses received from God. One can’t help but wonder why all these laws were necessary. Certainly, if Israel had lived by these laws, they would have had a very successful society, but the laws also show that people could not achieve God’s standard of holiness. Chapter 1 tells what has to be done as a result of people not living up to God’s standard.
The animal’s death is said to be “in your place” or some versions of the Bible say “atonement.” The idea is that the people fail to keep God’s rules and deserve death, but God accepts an animal’s death instead. It is a picture of what Jesus will do in the future for them. Hebrews 10:8-10 refers back to these sacrifices and says Jesus sacrificed himself as a replacement for these sacrifices and that it only needed to be done once.
Many commands, many acts of disobedience and many sacrifices to make up for it; it’s good not to be living in that time! The biggest difference from then to now is not fewer rules; it’s that we depend on Jesus’ sacrifice that only had to be done once.
Leviticus 1 (NASB)
The Law of Burnt Offerings
1 Then the Lord called to Moses and spoke to him from the tent of meeting, saying, 2 “Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘When any man of you brings an offering to the Lord, you shall bring your offering of animals from the herd or the flock. 3 If his offering is a burnt offering from the herd, he shall offer it, a male without defect; he shall offer it at the doorway of the tent of meeting, that he may be accepted before the Lord. 4 He shall lay his hand on the head of the burnt offering, that it may be accepted for him to make atonement on his behalf. 5 He shall slay the young bull before the Lord; and Aaron’s sons the priests shall offer up the blood and sprinkle the blood around on the altar that is at the doorway of the tent of meeting. 6 He shall then skin the burnt offering and cut it into its pieces.7 The sons of Aaron the priest shall put fire on the altar and arrange wood on the fire. 8 Then Aaron’s sons the priests shall arrange the pieces, the head and the suet over the wood which is on the fire that is on the altar. 9 Its entrails, however, and its legs he shall wash with water. And the priest shall offer up in smoke all of it on the altar for a burnt offering, an offering by fire of a soothing aroma to the Lord.
10 ‘But if his offering is from the flock, of the sheep or of the goats, for a burnt offering, he shall offer it a male without defect. 11 He shall slay it on the side of the altar northward before the Lord, and Aaron’s sons the priests shall sprinkle its blood around on the altar. 12 He shall then cut it into its pieces with its head and its suet, and the priest shall arrange them on the wood which is on the fire that is on the altar. 13 The entrails, however, and the legs he shall wash with water. And the priest shall offer all of it, and offer it up in smoke on the altar; it is a burnt offering, an offering by fire of a soothing aroma to the Lord.
14 ‘But if his offering to the Lord is a burnt offering of birds, then he shall bring his offering from the turtledoves or from young pigeons. 15 The priest shall bring it to the altar, and wring off its head and offer it up in smoke on the altar; and its blood is to be drained out on the side of the altar. 16 He shall also take away its crop with its feathers and cast it beside the altar eastward, to the place of the ashes.17 Then he shall tear it by its wings, but shall not sever it. And the priest shall offer it up in smoke on the altar on the wood which is on the fire; it is a burnt offering, an offering by fire of a soothing aroma to the Lord.